Castle, of arab origin and rebuilt in the early TWENTIETH century; Its walls were destroyed, in the SIXTEENTH and SEVENTEENTH centuries. Remodeled from the beginning of the century, and with great presence in the heart of the city. Between the buildings defensive of your environment, there are still watchtowers, such as the Torresolana.
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Alhama de Granada is a Spanish municipality belonging to the province of Granada, in Andalusia. Is located in the western part of the region of Alhama, to the foot of the Natural Park Sierras de Tejeda, Almijara and Alhama, which provides summers with mild temperatures.
Alhama de Granada is well known for its thermal baths arab (who comes in his own name, al-Hama, which means "the bathroom") and that would lead to the current Spa, and for its stunning Gorges, located in the high part of the town and classified as Landscapes of Outstanding according to the Special Plan of the Physical Environment of Granada.
It limits with the municipalities of granada to Zafarraya, Loja, Salar, Moraleda de Zafayona, Cacín, Chimneys (by means of an exclave of the municipality), Arenas del Rey, Jayena, Otívar and Santa Cruz Trade enclave in the municipality) and with the malaga Competa, Canillas de Albaida, Salares, Sedella, Canillas de Aceituno and Alcaucin.
In his municipal term is the Local Entity Autonomous of Sales of Zafarraya and the hamlets of Buenavista and Stacks of Algaida (this latter forming part of the Local Entity Autonomous of Sales of Zafarraya).
The main economic activity is agriculture, with exploitation of cereals and olive trees. The livestock activities are concentrated in the cattle sheep and goats. The tourism started to gain importance with 403 hotel rooms and 104 in hostels and pensions (2007 data). Immigration is slightly higher than the 10% of the population, proceeding more than half of the immigrants from Morocco.
The Spa of Alhama de Granada, built over an old basement roman of century I d.C. it is an important source of income for the population thanks to the tourism of health and relaxation that is sure to attract their hydrotherapy treatments.
In the province of Granada, stands the villa of Alhama, which belongs to the Judicial Party of Loja, Provincial court of Granada and the Superior Court of Justice of Andalusia and also belongs to the Diocese Church of Granada.
The geographical location corresponds to 37 ° 0,18” North latitude 3 ° 59’ 55” longitude west of the Greenwich meridian and at an altitude of 850 m above the average level of the Mediterranean sea in Alicante. The core of the population is located in coordinates X-U. T. M 412500 YU.T.M 409600.
Alhama is located on the road from Alcalá la Real to Torre del Mar to 58 kms. capital of Granada, 49 kms. the Mediterranean coast in Torre del Mar (Malaga), 79 kms. of Malaga (the capital) and to 26 kms. Highway A-92, (Outputs: 197 Salar/Alhama and 211 Moraleda de Zafayona/Alhama).
Stands out the singular erosive phenomenon of the impressive “gorges” through which runs the rio Alhama (or River Merchan) that runs through the city. To the south-east, 12 kms., is the dam of The Bermejales. To the south of the town of Alhama is located the Natural Park of the Sierras Tejeda and Almijara.
The environment of the region of Alhama is constituted by Agrón, Arenas del Rey, Cacín, Fireplaces, Escúzar, Játar, Jayena, La Malahá, Santa Cruz, on Trade, Sales of Huelma, Sales of Zafarraya and Zafarraya. About 6 miles before you reach Alhama, rivers Cerezal and Birth join to form the river Alhama (or Merchan) elaborating on their margins beautiful and frondosísimas malls. Before passing through Alhama, the river originates from the prey of the “Ventorro Bernardo”, which, through a tunnel, moves the flow surplus of the Merchan the reservoir of Bermejales.
The origin of the town of Alhama is demonstrated by the archaeological studies and historical texts of Pliny, Ptolemy and the Anonymous of Ravenna who highlight the importance of Alhama, in the Old Age. Alhama, in the time of Pliny, was called Artigi though in modern editions of the texts of Pliny the elder (Venice, 1472)puts Stici and Hardinno in another edition puts Stigi. Alhama belonged to the túrdulos, and was attached to the Convent Legal Cordubense. To take over the arabs of the territory, this population continued, emphasizing in the importance, but the arabs replaced the name of Artigi by the Alhama, which came to be one of the best strengths of the territory, of which there are still some traces.
In the year 886, the prince Al-Mundhir, son of the amir Muhammad on the occasion of an expedition against the rebels of the south,” besieged in Alhama to Harith ben Hamdun, head of the Bann Raffle. The prince, who rejected a vigorous output of the besieged, was forced to abandon the siege and move to Córdoba for the death of his father and take over the throne. Towards the first third of the THIRTEENTH century, the king Fernando III the Saint in one of their raids in arab territory came to Alhama, where he produced many casualties among the population, carrying away captive a considerable number of its inhabitants.
After the King of Granada took by assault the neglected fortress of Zahara, the christians took all kinds of precautions. Meanwhile the knight, don Diego de Merlo, assistant of Seville, and don Rodrigo Ponce de León, Marquis of Cádiz, projected to take to the árabesa any strength important and they sent scouts to recognize some of the villages of the border of the country, and to study the possibilities of a surprise.
They were the last days of February of 1482, when, walking at night, in spite of the excessive cold and hiding at the crack of dawn came the christians to a valley near Alhama, which today is called Dona. There the Marquis of Cadiz revealed to the soldiers the purpose of the expedition. Then he commanded that descabalgasen three hundred men, who, furnished with scales, and under the command of Commander Martin Galindo continued to Juan Ortega de Prado, captain of climbers. The after dark, when the climbers came to the walls of Alhama, led by Ortega de Prado, took the assault and subsequently precipitated on the neglected villa. The first light of dawn on the 1st of march when the soldiers of Ortega descended from the citadel to the city by opening one of its doors through which the army entered the christian taking possession of the villa to the crown of Castile.
Such sorrow was in the king of granada, the taking of Alhama, for the christians, who met immediately and attacked several times to the villa to retrieve it at all costs, without success. Therefore resolved, take the water to the christians by diverting the course of the river. Depleted water reservoirs, the situation worsened. But the nobleness of another leader christian, the duke of Medinasidonia despite his enmity with the marquis of Cadiz, came to his relief and the arabs had to lift the siege. Secured the fortress, he left the marquis of Cadiz, leaving as the head of the garrison and the first warden and Diego de Merlo.
When the Catholic Monarchs began to accomplish his plan for shed of the peninsula to the arabs, the taking of Alhama was the most momentous and important, as it had as a consequence later on, the conquest of Granada in 1492.
After the surrender of Granada, the history of Alhama ran parallel to that of the Kingdom. Years of splendour and greatness, being a major city and praised even by Miguel de Cervantes. The day 2 of February of 1810 it was occupied the city by the French troops of Napoleon, who entered with blood and fire. Many were the victims of this invasion. A contribution of one hundred thousand reals, ordered door-to-door saved the lives of many alhameños pending to be shot. On the 17th of August, 1812, left Alhama and the French entering days later, the guerrillas of general Ballesteros. In the year 1884, on the 25th of December, when they celebrated the Christmas there was the terrible earthquake that destroyed 1479 houses causing more than 300 dead and 500 wounded. A few days later came the king Alfonso XII, accompanied by the ministers of the Interior and of War, to encourage the work of reconstruction of Alhama and its surroundings was the same or worse conditions.
Alhama is highlighted throughout the centuries by their struggle and deeds against the injustice, particularly in the event known as “Riots of the hambra” (1647-1652), proclaiming the necessity of harmony among all cultures and peoples, which is reflected in the Proclamation of Alhama, which was drawn up with occasion of the DX Anniversary of the Taking of Alhama by the crown of Castile.
The silent witnesses of the history of Alhama of Granada are the vestiges and monuments of the past which have been preserved since the Prehistoric times until our days: a Man of the Old Neolithic iberians, phoenicians, carthaginians, romans, visigoths, muslims... all have left important traces of their passage and stay in Alhama de Granada:Vestiges of the Neolithic in the margins of the river Merchan, the Cave of the Woman which have been found important archeological remains of an era between the year 3,500 and 1,500 (before Christ).
The Cave of the Water, next to the previous one, occupied since the Neolithic period, pottery, knives of flint, axes pulimentadas and bracelets made of calcite. The sima de Enríquez, in which have been found burials prehistoric as well as the Virgin of the Doughnut (XV century).
The Roman Bridge of a single arch, which dates from the I Century (before Christ), located a few hundred meters from the new bridge to the Spa, which for centuries was part of the historic route to get to Alhama.
The arab Quarter is a focal point of the villa, formed by streets, squares and corners of pure style muslim. In the older part of this Neighborhood, there are some open cavities in the rock, which were destined, in the nasrid era, both to silos for grains such as dungeons a few times. The fortifications were famous through the ages and today, you can see some of the lookout towers in the surroundings of the city, such as the Torresolana. The main thing of these fortifications is the Castle that rose over the which was built by the arabs, being of great presence in the heart of the city. Isabel the Catholic ordered the foundation of three churches in the main mosques of the city. Today Alhama de Granada has several churches: the Church of the Incarnation (centuries XV to XVI), the Church of the Carmen (Centuries XVI to XVIII). The churches of the Anxieties and of the Remedies that are preserved as relics being able to appreciate the beauty that they had.
The convent of San Diego that was built on the old chapel of the Virgin of the Head.
The hospital of the Queen, which was the first Hospital in Blood of the Kingdom of Granada: construction began around 1485, in the middle of the War of Granada, was finished around 1540.
Also preserved are the House of the Inquisition restored. It is a representative sample of the isabelline gothic. And the Jail, although in the facade indicates that it is of the age of Charles III, is of the previous century. The Aqueduct of the River, which is known with the name of the “roman Arch” was built truly in the SIXTEENTH century. The source called the Caño Wamba is perhaps the most ancient, was built in the XVI century and is preserved in it the coat of arms of the Catholic Kings and the Emperor Charles I. By the different places of the city can be seen on many coats of arms that belonged to characters of high lineage who were born, resided and died in Alhama.
The coat of arms of Alhama de Granada. According to Stripe (3): “the exact date of its creation escapes for the moment to our knowledge, its origin is lost in history and we do not know documentation to requiring it with accuracy, although, as we will see below, can be placed at the end of the FIFTEENTH century.
In 1514, the Queen Juana, confirms to Alhama Forum again that he had approved the city of Vélez-Málaga, since this was the same, that had been lost in one of the many lawsuits that kept the city Council. This Jurisdiction, as to which the date is June 7, 1495, includes already the existence of some weapons in the banner of Alhama: “ ...... hordenamose send aya banner painted with the arms of the council that we will dieremos, which carries them when necessary to leave the banner with the people of the city, the agualzilmaior....”. From the above we derive two observations: the first is that the creation of this shield emanates directly from the real will, contained in the regulation concejil after the creation of the cabildo. And the second is that for the 28 of September, 1514, Alhama already held an ensign with the arms of the city. In the description of the shield: “In field of azure, a castle sable, surmounted of granada in gold and gules, pierced by an arrow: in the battlements, two arms that hold the paths keys in your color; and three scales, arranged on the flanks right and left, with a third at the tip. By bell, crown of the Infants of Spain; and in foreign currency, the titles of Very Noble and Loyal City.”
Alhama preserved historical monuments as significant as the arab baths that give the city its name, located in the town in the direction of Granada and the roman bridge over the river Alhama, close to the thermal baths.
The monumental part of the town is concentrated in its southwest zone. All the old town is declared a Historic-Artistic site. Among the most important elements is the Church of the Incarnation, erected by order of the Catholic Monarchs in 1505 on the first christian church consecrated in the ancient kingdom of Granada, after its capture by the christians. Its cover is the work of Enrique Egas. It also has a castle, of arab origin and rebuilt in the early TWENTIETH century; the church of the Carmen, XVI century renaissance building with baroque decoration; the House of the Inquisition, in the isabelline gothic style, which retains only the original façade; the Hospital of the Queen, the renaissance; and the source known as Caño Wamba, built in 1533, also renaissance.
HOUSE: CASTLE OF ALHAMA
LOCATION: CALLE DEL CASTILLO Nº9
POPULATION: ALHAMA DE GRANADA
PURPOSE: TOSESORAMIENTO OF MARKET VALUE
DATE OF VISIT: 04/04/2013
VALUE DATE: 04/2013
The property to be valued is located in CALLE DEL CASTILLO Nº9, in the municipality of ALHAMA DE GRANADA, province of GRANADA. This municipality has the following basic features.
Population: 6.214 inhabitants
Type of environment: urban
Dominant uses: residential
Income level: medium
Sort: Single Family
Built quality: average
Existence of local media
Pedestrian areas: If you have
Target housing: 1st
Parks and gardens: If you have
Infrastructure and degree of conservation:
Public lighting: sufficient
Water supply: general network
Phone: if you have
Sanitation: general network
City Gas: does Not have
Electricity: network general
Degree of conservation: normal
Communications, transport and parking:
Public transport: next
Registration: 3.800,00 m2
Cadastral: 3.685,00 m2
Adopted: 3.800,00 m2
At the time of the visit, the land on which is located the property to be valued has the following infrastructure:
Phone: if you have
Water: general network
Sanitation: general network
City Gas: does not have
Electricity: low voltage
The property is assessed in the present report constitutes a building and is composed by the elements whose type and relative location are reflected in section one. The main building consists of two floors above ground, and their dominant land uses the residential.
His equipment consisted of:
Parking : you do Not have
Private gardens: If you have
Swimming pool: No
Other: Torreon, Garage
Conditions of habitability:
Noise level: low
The surface of the building, in m2 is the following:
Surface Registration: 1.800,00 m2
Surface Cadastral: 1.739,00 m2
Total constructed area adopted 1.739,00 m2
Key elements of the building:
Structure: load-bearing Walls
Cover: Tile Arabic
Isolation: do Not have
Carpentry ext.: Painted wood
Current situation: Antiquity and state of preservation:
Has an older than 100 years approximately and its state of conservation is very poor, being essential to an important work of rehabilitation for its implementation are in use.
It has been estimated that the remaining useful life will be 15 years to the date of value.
In accordance with the urban planning in force that is applicable to the property this is located within urban land in compliance with all the parameters for urban development that are of application, so that it is not noticed mismatch urban one.
The property is classified as B. I. C. and has documentation of protection of cultural heritage in its entirety.
The planning of current allows change of use but for its authorization and for any actions that require the prior approval of Culture competence of the Board of Andalusia, for which it should present a draft and submit it to study.
REGIME OF PROTECTION, LAND TENURE AND OCCUPATION:
Tenure and occupation:
On the basis of the visit and the information received, on the date of the visit
the property was unoccupied and in a poor state of conservation.
The appraisal value has been calculated under the assumption that the property is found free of tenants, occupants or sharecroppers.
There have been easements visible affect to the property.
INFORMATION ON THE MARKET:
We have done a research of the market segment relating to the real estate are comparable with the values, with the following result:
Offer: The level of supply of real estate comparable is scarce. The features of the property valued are different to the average of the competitive market.
Demand: The sale of properties similar in the area is low. The income level of the buyer is high.
Currently the demand for real estate comparable is inferior to the existing supply.
CALCULATION OF VALUES / METHODS:
Calculation of the cost of replacement/replenishment:
By applying the cost method, we obtain the following results:
Method of comparison:
The market data have been homogenized and weighted, obtaining as a result:
Market value adopted 04/2013 (Euro/m2 built)
The appraisal is carried out by our chartered architect and is delivered with the property, we will deliver also market study with the support of the city council to be able to rehabilitate for commercial use in the event that the client wishes to. Part of the commission that copper Artsvalua by the management in case of allotment/sale, either in direct sale and/or auction will go to the platform for evictions in Spain.
The most important festivals in Alhama are, in chronological order, the Virgin of the Candelaria, the carnival, the Friday of Sorrows, the feast of St. John, the Procession of the Wine and the Great Feria of September.
On the feast of the Candelaria (February 2), typical of the province of Granada, the streets of Alhama light up with the "candelas" (bonfires), which lit the neighbors (the feast prepared since the beginning of January; the districts can enroll in the department of celebrations of the town hall, which brings the wood and sand needed to feed without danger of the stake, as well as wine to liven up the evening). For their part, the neighbors must compose the "merceores" (bouncers or swings) that assembled that night, to sing at the same time couples traditional.5 the origin of the festival seems to be in the procession that the two of February, forty days after the birth of Jesus, was between the convent of San Diego and the church of the Jewel. To his end, he went out to the field, arming bouncers and singing the participating couples.
The carnival brings together visitors from all over the environment, especially during the so-called "domingo de Piñata" (the Sunday after Ash Wednesday), declared a Day of Tourist Interest in Andalusia, in the parading through the streets comparsas, who sing songs relating the most curious events of the year, and "masks", which walking by making jokes to the people. Are also noteworthy the Tuesday of Carnival and the "Monday Hangover", after the Sunday of Piñata, which is usually local party.
The Friday of Sorrows (the Friday before palm Sunday) is the start of Holy Week with the procession of the Virgen de las Angustias, the patron saint of Alhama, from its usual location, the church of the Carmen.
The Pilgrimage of the Wine takes place on the 15th of August. In addition to activities related with the wine, the tasting of products of Alhama, such as chick peas or bacon jameño.
The Great Feria of September is celebrated around the 8th of that month. In the fairgrounds will be installed booths in which to make "pinchitos" and dancing and attractions for children.
In addition, around the first weekend of August (nights of Thursday to Saturday) takes place the Festival of Music Young of Andalusia, one of the oldest in Spain and which began to be held in 1966, which features performances of new bands and guest artists. The 2008 was the 43rd of the festival. Outside the village there are the old arab baths.
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