In the popular tradition, some icons are attributed miraculous qualities, such as having moved, having spoken, cried or bleeding, and there are numerous reports about icons through history. Religions have made a continuous use of the images, either two-dimensional or three-dimensional. Some (like hinduism) have an iconography rich, while others (such as islam) severely limit the use of visual representations. The function and the degree in which images are used or permitted, and if they are employed for ornamental purposes, instructional, inspirational, or well if given the treatment of sacred objects of veneration or devotion, it all depends on the statutes, commandments and concerns of each religion.
The tradition of the painting of icons was developed with great force in the byzantine Empire, mainly in the city of Constantinople. After the fall of Constantinople to the turks in 1453, the tradition went on to regions influenced previously by the religion, such as Russia, Georgia, and Crete.
In Russia icons were usually painted on wood, either in small boards or large panels. The icons are considered as if they were the Gospel that exude a fragrant oil with healing properties. Supposedly, many of the miracle-working icons have not been painted or drawn, but have appeared in some natural object, wall, furniture, etc
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